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Citing and referencing

Everything you need to know about referencing with links to guides and support.

Periodicals: Articles in Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers

References for periodicals’ articles should include the following elements:

  • Author (last name, first name);
    • Title of article (in quotation marks);
    • Full title of publication in italics and upper and lower case (i.e., Journal of Abnormal Psychology, The New York Times);
    • Volume and issue number(s);
    • Month or season if provided.
    • Date of publication of the article: year of monthly publications, and exact date of the weekly and daily ones;
    • Page numbers of the article (preceded by p. or pp.). 


Image result for periodicals

Basic format:

Last, first name A, last, first name B, & last, first name C. “Title of article”. Title of Periodical, volume (vol. #), issue number (no. #), month/season year, p. # or pp. #. Accessed day month year.

N.B. The accessed date is optional, yet, always provide it when the publication date is not available, and when the content accessed may change over time. 

Journal article

Jacoby, William G. “Public Attitudes toward Government Spending.” American Journal of Political Science, vol. 38, no. 2, May 1994, pp. 336-361.

Journal article, one author, accessed online

Ku, Gillian. “Learning to De-escalate: The Effects of Regret in Escalation of Commitment.” Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 105, no. 2, Mar. 2008, pp. 221-232,

Journal article, two authors, accessed online

Sanchez, Delida, and Erica King-Toler. “Addressing Disparities: Consultation and Outreach Strategies for University Settings.” Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, vol. 59, no. 4, Dec. 2007, pp. 286-295,

Journal article, more than two authors, accessed online

Van Vugt, Mark, Robert Hogan, and Robert B. Kaiser. “Leadership, Followership, and Evolution: Some Lessons from the Past.” American Psychologist, vol. 63, no. 3, Apr. 2008, pp. 182-196,

Journal article, three or more authors, accessed online

In this case, reverse the first of the names and follow it by a comma and et al.

Terracciano, Antonio, et al. “National Character Does Not Reflect Mean Personality Trait Levels in 49 Cultures.” Science, vol. 310, no. 5745, Oct. 2005, pp. 96-100, doi:10.1126/science.1117199

Periodical publication in an online database (article, review, editorial, etc…)

In this case, follow the basic format of referencing a periodical and add:

  • Title of the database (in italics)


Langhamer, Claire. “Love and Courtship in Mid-Twentieth-Century England.” Historical Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, 2007, pp. 173-96. ProQuest.

Magazine or newspaper article

  • Provide the date: year for monthly publications, and the exact date (day, month, and year) for the weekly and daily ones.

Magazine article

Kulger, Jeffery. “The Science of Romance: Why We Love.” Time, vol. 17, Jan. 2008, pp. 54-60.

Magazine article, accessed online

Nasar, Sylvia, and David Gruber. “Manifold Destiny.” The New Yorker, 28 Aug. 2006, /mfds/perelman_NYorker.

Newspaper article, no author

“Online Privacy Is Precious. Let's Protect It.” The Observer, 23 May 2010, p. 28.

Accessed online from a database

“Online Privacy Is Precious. Let's Protect It.” The Observer, 23 May 2010, p. 28. SIRS Knowledge Source, URL. Accessed date.

  • Accessed online

“Online Privacy Is Precious. Let's Protect It.” The Observer, 23 May 2010, p. 28, URL. Accessed date.