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Citing and referencing

Everything you need to know about referencing with links to guides and support.

Basic Format

References for books should include the following elements: author(s) or editor(s), date of publication, title and subtitle (edition if applicable), place of publication, and the name of the publisher. In case no author and no editor available, the title of the book or the chapter will take the first place in the reference. In case accessed online, add the DOI if available or retrieved from the URL at the end of the reference.

Author, A. A. or Editor(s). (year). Book title: Subtitle (xxx ed.). Place: Publisher.


One Author

Castells, M. (2000). End of millennium (2nd ed.). Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Two Authors

Frank, R. H., & Bernanke, B. (2007). Principles of macro-economics (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Corporate Author, Author as Publisher

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2000). Tasmanian yearbook 2000 (No.1301.6). Canberra, Australian Capital Territory: Author.

Edited Book

Gibbs, J. T., & Huang, L. N. (Eds.). (2001). Children of color: Psychological interventions with culturally diverse youth. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Essays or Chapters in Edited Books

References to an essay or chapter in an edited book should include the following elements: essay or chapter author(s), date of publication, essay or chapter title, book editor(s), book title, essay or chapter page numbers, place of publication, and the name of the publisher.

Lawrence, J. A., & Dodds, A. E. (2003). Goal-directed activities and life-span development. In J. Valsiner & K. Connolly (Eds.), Handbook of developmental psychology (pp. 517-533). London, England: Sage Publications.


In case the book was accessed online, follow the basic format of referencing a book and add doi or retrieved from URL.

Rodriguez-Garcia, R., & White, E. M. (2005). Self-assessment in managing for results: Conducting self-assessment for development practitioners. Washington, DC: The World Bank. doi:10.1596/9780-82136148-1


Ochs, S. (2004). History of nerve functions: From animal spirits to molecular mechanisms. West Nyack, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from