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Citing and referencing

Everything you need to know about referencing with links to guides and support.

Periodicals (Journals, Magazines, Newspapers)

References for periodicals’ articles should include the following elements: author(s), date of publication, article title, journal title, volume number, issue number (if available), and page number(s). In case accessed online and has an assigned DOI number, include it at the end, after the pages. If no DOI is assigned, add retrieved from followed by the exact URL.

Basic format

 Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. doi: 

Journal Article

Jacoby, W. G. (1994). Public attitudes toward government spending. American Journal of Political Science, 38(2), 336-361.

Journal Article, Accessed Online

Ku, G. (2008). Learning to de-escalate: The effects of regret in escalation of commitment. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 105(2), 221-232. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.08.002

Journal article, more than seven authors, accessed online

 In this case, cite the first 6 authors followed by … and the last name of the last author such as:

Terracciano, A., Abdel-Khalek, A. M., Adam, N., Adamovova, L., Ahn, C., Ahn, H.,... McCrae, R. R. (2005). National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures. Science, 310, 96–100. doi:10.1126/science.1117199

Magazine Article

Kluger, J. (2008, January 16). The science of romance: Why we love. Time, 171(4), 54-60. 

Newspaper Article

As prices surge, Thailand pitches OPEC-style rice cartel. (2008, May 5). The Wall Street Journal, p. A9. Retrieved from